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University of Sindh Journal of Information and Communication Technology (USJICT)

Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2017


ISSN: 2521-5582

Website: Published by University of Sindh, Jamshoro.



Smart Land Record Application Using Web GIS and GPS


Zameer Ahmed, Muhammad Amir Rizwan,

Computer Science Department, Illma (IBT) University Karachi, Pakistan

[email protected], [email protected]


Abstract: Land plays an important role in the different administrative domain of a country like residential systems, environmental advancement, agricultural benefits, wealth generation and natural recourses as country population is increasing, needs of a proper record management is mandatory. Increase rate of industrial areas, cultivation and mortgage ability demands a systematic way to handle the land record. In this system we will use GPS and GIS technologies to full fill this need. This technology will help in preserving land records with maximum accuracy, portability and accessibility. This system will also provide resolution of a boundary disputes without effecting the physical location of land. Disputes regarding illegal land grabbing, taxation and owner ship can also resolve easily using this system. It might be realized that there are some troubles facing the decision makers regarding utilizing & managing the available data in some of the public sectors organizations in the Pakistan, in addition to what the local residents in the Pakistan are facing in identifying their land properties' borders, land owner ship and taxation history.



Keywords: GIS; GPS Technology; Land Record Technology;



                                                                                                                                                     I.          Introduction

Land is gift from Allah; it remains for all nature, living and unaware. It includes all-natural resources that human being gets free from air, water and arrive. The terms land includes all that nature has made on the earth, over the earth and underneath the Earths. Land plays an important role in residential and agricultural of the country. Due to quick growth rate in population, cultivation, mortgage ability& industrial areas enhanced the importance of land record management.


A.       Statement of the problem

Existing land record management is a manual process running under supervision of Board of Revenue. The currently used system for land record in the Pakistan is extremely traditional. They face duplication land owner ship etc. Conflicts between data on maps and on ground are frequently faced and decisions relating to these problems cannot easily be made.

High level administrators & decision makers, who are not technically professional in the field of land record, are facing troubles in managing land owner ship and taxation history, because it is not easy for them to deal with the available software and its tools during utilizing the applications of this software as: ARC Map, ARC View etc.

B.       Definition of the terms

GPS: The GPS (Global Positioning System) is set of 24 satellites positioned in space by U.S Branch of Defines. It is a satellite-based route framework was initially invented for military purpose design in 1980. This late proved beneficial for non- military personal as well.


GIS: A GIS (Geographical Information System) is a system designed to store, capture, analyze, manipulate, manage and present all types of geo-graphical or spatial data.


Spatial Database: A spatial database is also known as geo-database allows storing or querying an object that represents geometric space. This geometric database may consist on simple geometric objects like points, lines and polygons.

Background of the research

Existing land record management is a manual process running under supervision of Board of Revenue. Data in the system has two parts

C.      Research objective

The objectives & significance of this research project are to prevent duplication land owner ship, identify unauthorized land, provide complete taxation history, assessment of resource allocation with accurate, portable and centralize database structure. This application is unique within it offering graphical and statistical knowledge about the land and can be utilize by the government to do proper management of use less area of country.


D.      Challenges

Smart land app for mobile system is design with common and understandable features for a user. Rising interest of a common man in mobile and internet allow them to access information at door step.

Application first converts land data into digital form so it can be store in database and available for indexing on it for GPS and GIS. This data is capture by virtue of GPS device which automatically generates the GPS coordinates for any shape and boundary while device is moving across the total land area. Patch information is retrieved on the basis of a physical location of owner with access rights.

Smart land app will resolve disputes regarding illegal land grabbing, taxation and owner ship mostly reported in rural areas.


E.       Contributions

Contributes of this paper is the revaluation of the concept of IT&T (Information technology and telecommunication). Especially in a modern android application programming and computer networks. This paper will explore modern techniques and will help to change the thinking of a conman Pakistani.

It is quite difficult to formally prove the correctness or efficiency of this Smart land system initially but as this system will be implemented on ground, hopefully strong evidence will be analysis in for or against its validity.

Smart land app is designed specifically to maintain and established correct ownership for any pieces of land exist in the targeted area. This application will be implemented at the root level to avoid inappropriate concessions to or influences from traditional manual-oriented systems.

This newly proposed application is based on modern infrastructure that can cope well with the diversity of land information; this app provides a base for novel solutions in future.





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Copyright (c) 2017 Zameer Ahmed Maree

ISSN-E: 2523-1235, ISSN-P: 2521-5582

 Copyright © University of Sindh, Jamshoro. 2017 All Rights Reserved.  
Printing and Publication by: Sindh University Press. 

Journal Office, Institute of Information and Communication Technology, 
University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. 76080