Tahira Bibi, Prof. Dr. Syed Manzoor Hussain Shah, Mamonah Ambreen


The government of Pakistan has made constitutional efforts to synthesize the importance and need of free and compulsory secondary education. The implementation of this provision is on the part of provincial and  district  level  of  government. The  present  research  had  been  designed  to study the perception of secondary school heads about the implications  of  the  free  and compulsory  secondary Education as fundamental Right in Punjab. The  research  study was descriptive in nature for which a survey was conducted through questionnaire. The main objectives of the study comprised; 1) to review the existing facilities of the Secondary Education,  2) to identify the problems in implementing free and compulsory Secondary Education and then 3) to suggest possible measures for the successful implementations of free and compulsory Secondary Education. The  population  of the study  was  Heads of secondary schools. The sample of the research comprised 6.46% (361) heads of secondary school. Questionnaire was developed for data collection from the above mentioned respondent. Each questionnaire comprised 36 closed form questions on three points rating scale with four multi option questions and two open ended questions. The questionnaire was improved and validated by the nine experts in the research and education field and HEC approved PhD supervisor. The questionnaire was pilot tested on 9 heads of secondary schools of 3 districts. The  questionnaire was administered and data was collected. The data was arranged, codified, entered in SPSS 22  software and then it was tabulated and analyzed. The study concluded that the implementation on Article 25th A of the constitution of Pakistan is a need of time. It  is  necessary for national economic development, upgrading living standers of citizens, get jobs and provide foundation for higher education. Furthermore research explores the serious problems i.e. poverty and illiteracy through education and for education. The government must work hard to bringing out of school children into schools, educational income support funds, strict legislation against child-labor, compel illiterate parents to investment in education for the future citizens, fill up the vacancy of professional subject specialists, allocation of resources to meet the financial, infrastructure and manpower gaps, good governance, optimal utilization of existing resources, and active, continuous monitoring and accountability system.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 The Government - Annual Research Journal of Political Science.

ISSN-P 2227-7927

Copyright © University of Sindh, Jamshoro. 2017 All Rights Reserved.
Printing and Publication by: Sindh University Press.