Integration of Grammar Translation Method with Communicative Approach: A Research Synthesis

Shawana Fazal, Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Majoka, Dr. Mustanir Ahmad


This article is an effort to highlight the studies (late 20th and beginning of 21st century) reported about Grammar Translation method (GT), Communicative Approach (CA) and the way both these approaches can be integrated to teach English as a second language more effectively. The article discusses strengths and weaknesses of both methods separately and then builds the road for combination of GT and CA for second language learners. The findings from literature review vary from the use of traditional and modern methods to amalgamation of both. On one side a group of Linguists advocates use of translation method while on the other side second group criticises use of GT method that creates hindrance in achieving communicative competence. The synthesis of theory and research in this study provides a set of guidelines for linguists, curriculum planners, and policy makers to develop a curriculum that is characterized by the integration of traditional Grammar Translation method with Communicative Approach.

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ISSN: 1016-9342 

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