Evolution Of Examination And Training System To Produce Teachers Capable To Face 21st Century Educational Challenges

Dr Muhammad Shafi Messo, Safia Khatoon Messa


Pakistan came into existence in 1947 and inherited education and examination system from the British education system without any change, which was developed in 1857 and educational policy of Pakistan was developed by Education commission in 1959 and in 1972-80. There have been revolutionary changes in the education and examination system in the world but in Pakistan inherited system is yet in function; while these conventional systems cannot fulfill the requirements of modern age competitive education. In the past only a teacher was required for educating pupil, but now required competent teacher who possesses skills for efficient delivery at the field; and accordingly the examination system needs replacement. Hence, the aimed at evolution of examination system to produce teachers capable to face 21st century educational challenges. The study explored that education system must be competitive globally and performance of students be founded on competence assessment and reviews of the assessment system. The criterion for induction of teacher in national teaching force, preparation of teachers and their regular evaluation needs to be ensured. Graduation should be the minimum qualification of a candidate applying for admission in teacher training institution and aptitude test of candidate should be must before considering him of this profession. At least three years teacher certification may be ensured where the teacher trainees may be developed theoretically followed by practical and after completion of basic three years teacher training with high scores, new teachers may be allowed to be a teacher. The teacher evaluation should be based on his motivation power to deliver whatever he learnt through teacher trainings and on the basis of fair assessment a compensation system may be introduced to strive towards excellence.

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