AGING IN ASIA: A REVIEW OF AGING POPULATION IN ASIA WITH PARTICULAR FOCUS ON EAST ASIA REGION

Dr. Naima Tabassum, Tabassum Afzal, Huma Tabassum

Abstract


This  paper  aims   to  explore  broader  patterns  of  elderly  population in Asia with a special focus on East Asian region. The data taken from Population  Division of United Nations’ Department of Economic and Social Affairs are used to highlight the global, regional and country wise proportion of the elderly population in the year 2012 and the projections done for increase in this population  by  the  year  2050. It is observed that the world had 809,743  thousand  people  aged  60  year  or  over  in  the  year  2012. It is 11% of the  total  world  population  in  th  year  2012.  The  proportion  is  expected to  get  doubled (i.e. 22%) by the year 2050. The number  of  elderly  people  also  varies  in  different  geographical  regions  of  the  world. Asia  comprises  60% (i.e. 446,974,000 people) of the total elderly population of the world in the year 2012. North and South East Asia comprising 65% of the total elderly  population of Asia also has the highest proportion of the elderly  population  within  Asia. North East Asia had the highest proportion of elderly population (i.e. 15%) with the largest number (i.e. 237,507,000 persons) of elderly people in Asia in the year 2012. South East Asia has 9% of population (i.e. 53,152,000 people) of the same age group. In the North East Asian region, Japan had the highest  proportion  of  elderly  population  (i.e. 32%)  followed  by  the Republic  of   Korea (17%), the  Democratic  Republic  of  Korea  (14%), and China (13%)  of  population  as  aged 60 years or over. At the same time, China had the largest number of elderly citizens (i.e. almost 180,690,000 persons) in the region followed by Japan (with almost 39,967,000 persons), Republic of Korea (with almost 8,123,000 persons) and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (with almost 3,321,000 persons). In South East Asian region Singapore had the highest proportion (i.e. 15%) of the elderly population followed by Thailand (14%), Vietnam and Indonesia (9%), Malaysia and Myanmar (8%), Cambodia (7%), Brunei, Laos and the Philippines (6%) of the population as aged 60 years or over.  Timore-Leste  appears  to  have  the  least  proportion  of  aged population in the region. Indonesia has the largest number of elderly people (i.e. 20,834 people) in South East Asia region. In short, a broader pattern of increasing proportion of elderly population is observed at global level, in general. and in Asia, in particular. Although, China is hosting the highest number  of elderly population within East Asian region, but Japan is being crucially effected with this problem of aging as it is facing the critically highest proportion of the elderly population (that is 32%) around the world.

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Copyright (c) 2015 Asia Pacific - Annual Research Journal of Far East & South East Asia

ASIA PACIFIC Research Journal of Far East & South East Asia is published annually by the Area Study Centre, Far East & South East Asia, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.