A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE FACTORS EFFECTING CRIME AGAINST WOMEN IN PAKISTAN

Dr. Naima Tabassum, Huma Tabassum, Tabassum Afzal

Abstract


The paper is aimed to explore the sociological root causes of the crime against women in Pakistan. The study is based on research done with quantitative approach to data collection and analysis. The method of data collection was survey done with the help of a questionnaire. The data analysis identified following basic sociological root causes of the crime against women: 1) Patriarchy, 2) several socio-cultural practices, 3) unfavourable attitude of police, 4) customary of not reporting of crime  to police, 5) insufficient laws, 6) lack of education among women and their less participation in political forums. It is observed that patriarchal structure of society through its two main features of male domination over women and women’s exclusion from public sphere by segregating  them in the private sphere of home makes the women vulnerable to  become  easy  victims  to  crime.  Several  socio-cultural  practices  like child  marriage,  watta  satta,  wanni,  walwar  and  swara  are  source to foster  victimization  and crime against them. Despite being faced with the crime  committed  against  them,  majority  of  the  women  avoid  reporting the crime to law enforcing agencies due to fear of brining bad reputation to the family or facing exploitation in the hands of police. At the same time several laws were also considered to be insufficient to protect women in past for long. These laws were also considered having potential for victimization and crime against women in the country. It is recommended to improve the social structure and attitudes toward women in society through education and advocacy.  The  laws  also  need  to  be  improved  along  with  the  trainings provided  to law enforcing agencies for making them more gender sensitive while performing their duties.

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Copyright (c) 2015 The Government - Annual Research Journal of Political Science.

ISSN-P 2227-7927

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