The Participation and Contribution of Women In Local Government System In Pakistan: A Case Study of Larkana District

Ms. Kausar Samo, Dr. Amir Ali Chandio


The participation of women in politics keeps immense importance in a democratic state. The process of democracy can never be imagined without women’s participation as being the citizens of the state, they are equally responsible for it. Presently women constitute 48% of the total population of Pakistan. Their role in the politics and national development is highly required and recommended Local government is the third tier of government which plays a key role to maintain good governance in the society. It is quite imperative for sustaining democracy to provide equal access and full participation to both men and women on the same footings in all areas of life in the society, particularly in decision making position. The first Local Government System in Pakistan was introduced by General Ayub Khan in 1959, in which women were deprived of any participation in the government and were kept away from the politics. Hence they could not play their part in the politics. After Ayub regime although the Local Government Act 1972 was promulgated by the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, but it remained inactive and there were no elections held and no representation given to the women. Women’s participation remained nominal in the local government of General Zia. After his long rule, Benazir Bhutto (1988 -90 & 1993-96) and Nawaz Sharif (1990- 93 & 1997- 99) took two tenures, each as the Prime minister of Pakistan but the Local government system could not work satisfactorily. The government of General Pervez Musharraf awarded 33% participation to the women in the Local Government system that was a generous step taken for the first time in the history of Pakistan. It brought certainly a positive change in the society as the role of women for the development of the nation cannot be overridden completely. The objective of this paper is to analyze the participation and contribution of women in the Local Government System in the district of Larkana.

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