Assessment of Osteoporosis and Osteopenia amongst Menopausal Women of North Nazimabad, Karachi, Pakistan

M. A. KAZI, F. E. ABDULLAH, Q. ABBAS, S. BAWANY

Abstract


Aim of the work: The aim of present work is to explore the occurrence of bone problems in menopausal women of Karachi. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Dr. Essa Laboratory & Diagnostic center, Karachi, Pakistan. All women included in this study were menopausal. Bone mineral density (BMD) was determined using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. Women were evaluated as osteoporotic or osteopenic on the basis of T-score and Z-score as followed by WHO criteria. Participant’s basic anthropometric indices were recorded and body mass index was calculated. Results: The mean ages of subjects were 65.42 ± 10.54, mean weight were 70.5±44.47 and their mean BMI of 29.652 ± 4.895. The BMD of postmenopausal women were found 1.60±0.17. Moreover, 73% women were osteoporotic and 27% women were osteopenic. Conclusion: Menopausal women of north Nazimabad Karachi, Pakistan were highly suffering from bone illness such as hip bone fractures most of the evaluated women were suffering from osteoporosis followed osteopenia.


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