Drone Based Resilient Network Architecture for Survivals in Earthquake Zones in Pakistan

H. U. SALAM, S. MEMON, L. DAS, A-U- REHMAN, Z. HUSSAIN

Abstract


Earthquake is one of the unpredictable natural disasters which causes serious damages including human life and infrastructures. The gaining information about earthquakes before they occur in not possible yet, however, the efficient disaster management (DM) services and their arrangements are essential after the earthquake to save human life and restore communication services which can help to locate victims over or underground. The recovery from earthquake can only be managed and obtained by a proper planning, well equipped response systems and resilient communication networks. Earthquakes are well superintend by many countries such as Japan and governments have plans and facilities to provide the quick response just after happening of earthquake. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was established by the government of Pakistan for natural DM. The services of NDMA is linked with the army and they always appear in front to manage disasters with their teams. In disaster zone, the armed force establish their own communication services but no service exists which interact directly with victims over or under ground. No concept of resilient communication network exists in the policy of NDMA and never discussed at national level. Wireless communication networks play an important role soon after the earthquake, they just not help to restore communication in that zone but can be helpful to locate victims. The available smart technologies linked with high speed internet services via cellular communication and can be used to establish wireless Adhoc services. In this research, a resilient ICT network which is Drone Based Resilient ICT Architecture is usedfor Survivals in Disaster Zones.


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