Harmonics compensation in industrial power network using Hybrid Active Power Filter (HAPF) in d-q frame

S. KATYARA, M. A. SHAH, L. STASZEWSKI, J. SOOMRO

Abstract


In AC power networks, the use of harmonic and reactive power compensations through active power filters has become emerging aspect of today’s commercial market. With the advancement of new technologies, loads based on power electronics are regularly being used in low and medium voltage distribution systems, which eventually cause the harmonics in the system currents and voltages. The most dangerous harmonics are the later i-e, 3rd , 5th , 7th and so on, which are basically result of current harmonics. They cause degradation in the performance and working of other important power system equipment. In order to mitigate these daunting harmonics, the best option is to use the hybrid power filters which combine the characteristics of both active and passive harmonic filters al-together. The main idea of this research is to model an industrial network and to perform an analysis over the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) in the power system. The use of Hybrid Active Power (HAPF) kept the THD value well below 8%, as recommended by European Standard EN50160. With the implementation of HAPF, an additional advantage of power factor improvement was also achieved. PQ theorem was used for calculating parameters of hysteresis control used for filter implementation. Results presented in the research paper confirm the efficiency of designed filter because the THDs of both voltage and current were restricted to 2% and the system power factor was improved too. The major contribution of this research is that power quality was improved most economically using P-Q technique through HAPF.


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