Evaluation of Potential Biohazardous Agents and Water Borne Diseases in Drinking Water of Taluka Sakrand, District Shaheed Benazeerabad, Sindh, Pakistan

A. A. RAHU, A. B. GHANGHRO, A. R. ABASSI, S. QURESHI

Abstract


Water borne illness is responsible for mortality rate of over 25 millions of people worldwide as the quality of drinking water having the strong association with public health issues like viral, bacterial and protozoan diseases. Water quality at Pakistan is going worsen day by day due to indecorous management, poor sanitation and some human activities also subsidize the contamination which affects directly on water excellence and indirectly on public health. Water being an essential components of human health, as 60-65% diseases are accountable by drinking unhygienic water. In current research work, 34 ground water samples were collected as per standard procedure from study area were being used as a source of drinking water. Various Physico-chemical parameters( pH, Electric conductance (EC) , Salinity , TDS (Total Dissolved Salts) , Cl, Co, Ni, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cd and As) as per PSQCA (Pakistan Standard Quality Control Authority)/ WHO standards were analyzed. Present study shows the significant results regarding water quality the potentially biohazards agent contaminated the drinking water sources of taluka Sakrand District Shaheed Benazeerabad. The found toxic metals contaminate the drinking water sources and creating human health issues g like astrointestinal, liver, kidney, cardiovascular, and neurological diseases, cancer and some common water borne disease were also diagnosed and recorded. Deaths ratio at study area reported to the casualty were due to Typhoid, Shigellosis (Basillary Dysentary) and Viral Hepatitis

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