Identification of Hurdles in Establishing Technological Innovation System (TIS) for Solar Thermal Technologies (STTs) in Sindh

A. A. SHAH, S. AMBREEN, S. SHAFAQ, Z. A. MEMON

Abstract


This research identifies the hurdles in establishing Sindh’s Technological innovation system (TIS) for Solar Thermal Technologies (STTs). To achieve this task, various hurdles in “emerging TIS” were identified through literature. A survey conducted to compare and contrast these hurdles in Sindh province context, keeping in view its stage of development. Thus, the hurdles emerged were further mapped to identify the key policy recommendations to strengthen it. Finally, it is concluded that in absence of linkages among stakeholders, lesser funding opportunities, low awareness, un-involvement of communities, lack of  proper set of policies and policy institutes, the Sindh’s TIS can be characterized as “Shadow TIS” having no impact on diffusion of simple renewable energy technologies such as STTs. 


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