Analysis of Non-Technical Electrical Power Losses and their economic Impact on Pakistan

Z. HUSSAIN, S. MEMON, L. D. DHOMEJA, A-UR- RAHMAN, S. ABBASI

Abstract


The electricity produced in electric power station does not extend to consumers who make imbursement because of output losses and organizational liabilities. When the losses above 16% specify that there existence of an inclusive electric power stealing in the country. The frequency above 40% indicates an identical extensive economic and social problematic reserve for the country. According to NEPRA (National Electric Power Regulatory Authority) the government losses more than 89 billion Pakistani rupees per year due to electricity theft and illegal approaches. Two types of electricity losses have been detected during electric power transmission and distribution. These losses included losses in transmission and distribution to end consumers. The highest transmission (technical) and distribution (non-technical) losses percentage value over the past decades were 30.41 1n 1998 while the lowest was 16.23 in 2010. Transmission losses are due to dissipated in the conductors, cables and equipment used for transmission lines, distribution lines, and transformer and substation transmission lines. The normal technical or transmission losses are 22.5% and directly depend on the electric power network infrastructure. The other losses are distribution (non-technical) in power systems that cannot be projected or calculated earlier. The bulk of these losses triggered by electricity theft, poor maintenance, bill calculation and accounting mistakes. But in Pakistan transmission and distribution losses are more than the normal losses because the electric power network is not upgraded since a decades that’s why technical and non-technical losses are more than normal. This paper presents the comparative analysis of non-technical electricity losses and implausible consequence on the economy of Pakistan. This research also find out the illegal approaches electricity usage and its socio-economic possessions were investigated.

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