Technology Transformation in Pharmaceutical Industries of Pakistan through joint efforts of R&D and Manufacturing Departments-A Process Centered Approach

M. RAFIQUE, M. T. NAWAZ, T. H. SYED, M. H. AGHA

Abstract


Pharmaceutical industries being knowledge intensive in nature undergo intense technology acquisitions due to advancement in pharmaceutical products. The active ingredients, acquired from outside or developed through own R&D, are passed through different transformation processes related to both technology and human. The technology transformation in pharmaceutical industries is dependent on R&D and manufacturing segments as both are closely linked with each other. The mismatch between them may lead to low quality products. However, competence level to deal with new technology (Absorptive Capacity) plays a pivotal role in transformation process. This study evaluates the technology transformation in pharmaceutical industries in context to processing of active ingredients to form an end pharmaceutical product. The study results show that the transformation of active ingredient is dependent on employees with specific background experience in addition to competence level (Absorptive Capacity) of R&D and manufacturing departments in pharmaceutical industries in Pakistan.

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