INTERPRETATION OF ELECTRIC CHARGES BEHAVIOUR AND VALIDATION OF RELATIVISTIC CHARGE MODEL IN SPECIAL RELATIVITY AND ELECTROMAGNETISM

I. A. HALEPOTO, F. R. ABRO, G. M. SHORO, A. A. LAGHARI

Abstract


The transformation of external electric and magnetic field from one frame of reference to another are well defined in Lorentz transformation theory and relativistic electromagnetism, but when fields produced by point charges are observed in different frames, one may not get the estimated results by applying such transformation methods as they don’t replicates the relativistic charge. This paper confirms the existence of relativistic charge and investigates the behaviour of electric charges in all inertial frames by considering the charge as the relativistic quantity and explores the magnetic field created by moving charge. In this paper, we have demonstrated and derived the relativistic charge model from the electromagnetic field transformation of individual point charges from one frame of reference to another, which will contributes to understand the differentiation of electric and magnetic fields of unit charge measured in rest and moving frames. The presented work attempts to investigate the special relativity domain that may attract the researchers to think about the peculiarities that how an electric and magnetic fields observed in rest frame would differ from moving frame. Considering charge as a relativistic quantity, some important consequences of special relativity such as charge conservation, time dilation phenomena and mass energy equivalence along with Maxwell’s equation of electric flux have been derived for the confirmation of demonstrated relativistic charge equation model. The presented relativistic charge model is analyzed in the prospective of classical physics laws and derived equations and relationships confirm that the laws of physics are same in both rest and moving frame of reference.

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