EXAMINING THE ROLE OF FORENSIC SCIENCE FOR THE INVESTIGATIVE –SOLUTION OF CRIMES

N.B. NAREJO, M.A. AVAIS

Abstract


This study was conducted to examine the value of forensic science in criminal investigation. Forensic science is a dynamic field of knowledge and skills which can be highly helpful and useful for criminal investigation. Forensic science applies technical skills to detect, identify and prosecute offenders. The application and awareness of forensic science is growing in Law Enforcement Agencies in Pakistan. The Police in Sindh province is a mix of the human resource having different levels of education and exposure to training besides variant thinking patterns and perceptions. The force with better education and training feel that forensic science is inevitable for successful criminal investigation. The traditional thinking police is totally unaware  about  role  of  new  technology  in  helping investigators. The 81% of respondents were satisfied from police knowledge of forensic techniques. The 19% opined police has poor forensic knowledge and skills. The future of forensic science in Sindh depends on overcoming the constraints and strengthening the developmental factors. The constraints are orthodox attitudes,  lack of implementation, lack of funds, lack of training staff, equipment and laboratories. Forensic science-investigation is possible if police adopts new professional culture, ethics of professionalism, scientific methods & tools, merit-based recruitment and promotion, discoraging political interference, enhancing training inputs and establishing the forensic laboratories.


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