TEMPERATURE MODELING OF INDUS BASIN USING LANDSAT DATA

H.U. ABBASI, A. S. SOOMRO, A. MEMON, S. R. SAMO, I. R. KARAS

Abstract


The anthropogenic association contribute towards depletion of natural resource and transforms to transform the natural covers into land use; the result of this modification has significant effects on regional weather and climate. The deforestation and urbanization directly impact on atmosphere and surface heat fluxes; the major fundamental factors are modification in the physical property of the surface and the natural vegetation such as forest, grassing land and natural cover; these changes continuously reduce surface moisture which was available in atmosphere and this refers especially to distinct difference of temperature between natural  and non-natural  landscape.  This  extensive  research  has  been  carried  out  using  remotely sensed  information  to  detect thermal characteristics and measurements of temperature of Indus basin surfaces and impact on regional climate. The satellite borne instruments can provide quantitative and quality physical data at high spatial, temporal resolutions and repetitive coverage, capability of measurements of earth surface conditions.


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