RELATION OF MATERNAL SERUM ELECTROLYTE, TRACES ELEMENTS AND OTHER BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN THIRD TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY

M.Y. KHAN, S.H.A. NAQVI, M.U. DAHOT

Abstract


One hundred outdoor and indoor pregnant women, having age group between 25–45 years, in their third trimester of pregnancy were recruited for this study. The statistical data were compared with the reference range. The biochemical parameters like, waste metabolites, enzymes, proteins, calcium, chloride and phosphorus were analysed by Kit reagent methods while sodium and potassium were analysed by flame photometer. The zinc, copper and cadmium were estimated by Atomic Absorption spectroscopy. The data revealed that no significant difference was found in the mean values of urea , creatinine, uric acid, GPT , GOT , CPK , LDL , HDL , sodium , potassium , phosphorus and LDH in urban and rural resident females when compared with reference range. While mean values of ALP (377.72 ± 146.2 v/s 412.80 ± 204.8 U/l), cholesterol (207.80 ±62.45 v/s 189.03±71.7 mg/dl), triglycerides (223.04 ± 110.5 v/s 207.98 ± 86.5 mg/dl), and chloride (121.82 ±13.3 v/s 113.42 ± 18.0 mmol/l), were  higher  in both  urban  and  rural  resident  females  when  compared with reference range. On the other hand total proteins (8.32 ±1.14 v/s 6.58 ±1.83 g/dl), albumin (4.22 ± 1.54 v/s 2.57 ± 0.87 g/dl) concentration is significantly higher in urban females compared with reference range. A significant decreased in the concentration of zinc (73.41 ± 10.91 v/s 69.31 ± 5.94 ug/dl), while the concentration of copper (324.43 ± 9.82 v/s 289.43 ± 11.92 ug/dl) and cadmium (4.1 ± 9.65 v/s 3.90 ± 13.02 ug/dl) were significantly higher in urban and rural resident of females compared with reference range. 


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