DEGRADATION OF INDUS DELTA, REMOVAL MANGROVES FORESTLAND ITS CAUSES: A CASE STUDY OF INDUS RIVER DELTA

N. H. CHANDIO, M. M. ANWAR, A. A. CHANDIO

Abstract


Indus River delta and its mangroves are fighting for their survival, due to shortage of fresh water, from Kotri last two decades. Life on the delta is facing a lot of troubles, especially the deltas flora and fauna. Are facing significant challenges as they are very dependent on a steady flow of freshwater, saline sea water is increasing on surface and sub-surface toward the coastal districts of the Sindh. Fertile land is converting infertile land, local inhabitants are migrating from the area. mangroves are washed away from the area. Sea water intrusion is increasing day by day, and the of intrusion is 80 acres of delta land per day. About 38 percent area of mangroves forest has been reduced in last twenty years. The construction of various Dams, Canals  and  barrages  is  main cause of degradation of the delta and the mangroves forest. The study shows that fresh water in the River may push the sea water intrusion backward which will help the survival of the mangroves forest.


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