IMPACTS OF CLIMATE ON AGRICULTURE AND IT’S CAUSES: A CASE STUDY OF TALUKA KAMBER, SINDH, PAKISTAN

N. H. Chandio, M. Anwar

Abstract


This is collective geographical study of climate, agriculture and soil of Kamber taluka. The study area is 60 meters above sea level and covered on 2260sq kilometers. The region is facing to drought and sun shining, since last seven years. Fluctuation of climate is more harmful than metrological drought. The high temperature 124.880F reported in 2002 during the summer season, on the contrary 770F reported in winter season in same year. The relative humidity is above 60% which is reduced to 40% varied with temperature. The rainfall varies about 100 to 120 mm the region is famous for paddy (rice) and considered to be irregular topography, 15% area is under western mountains, 75% area is considered as an agricultural and other remaining 10% area is considered near the foothills of mountain. All crops of the region are under crises.


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