BIOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF TYPHA POLLENS (CATTAILS)

A. B. GHANGHRO, U. CHANNA, I. H. GHANGHRO, M. J. CHANNA, A. H. LANJWANI

Abstract


The typha is a plant which mostly grow on wetlands areas of Asia and it belongs to typhaceae family. With the usage in the folk medicine and being nutritive, most of the biochemical and phytochemical aspects are studied in the present study. The sample of typha pollen was purchased from Lahori Mohala of Larkana Sindh, Pakistan, Methanol, Ethanol, Chloroform and aquous extract were used for qualitative analysis whereas metals were detected by Perkin elmer AA Analyst 800 Atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Qualitative analysis showed the presence of phenolic compounds, tannins, saponins, carbohydrates and non-reducing sugars as well as reducing sugars, protein and amino acids whereas absence of alkaloids, flavonoids , glycosides and keto sugars were observed. 32% carbohydrates, 4.27% total protein were quantitatively determined from typha pollen (cattails) plant. Potassium (193mg/kg), Magnesium (933mg/kg), Zinc (38.3 mg/kg), Copper (13.4 mg/kg), Iron (14.3mg/kg) were also detected. Study revealed that active components of Typha pollen is rich source of carbohydrates and proteins and phytochemicals, which are basic need of human body, and biochemical analysis results indicates that it can be used as a food source. Present work also enhance the awareness about the Typha Pollens medicinal and nutritional value which enoromously meet with human needs.

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