EFFECT OF SMOKING ON BLOOD PRESSURE OF INHABITANTS OF HYDERABAD VICINITY

H. Mahesar, S. M. Mahesar, F. D. Khand, A. Khand, G. M. Seehar

Abstract


Present piece of study was conducted to evaluate whether hypertension is associated with cigarette smoking in Pakistan. Study started with random screening of the inhabitants of the area for smoking, hypertension and associated  risk  factors.  A self  administered questionnaire was prepared for this purpose. Overweight  and  obesity  were  assessed  by body mass index and hypertension by recording of blood pressure. Amongst the total 3382 selected volunteers, smokers were 933, they had significantly higher systolic blood pressure Mean ± SD 130.1±16.33 mm Hg, CV 12.1 against 127.6±15.19, CV 11.9, diastolic pressure 87.2±11.28 mm Hg, CV 12.9, against 84.8±9.80, CV 11.5. Slightly changes in mean arterial pressure noted in smokers 101.5±6.63, CV 18.4, compared to non smokers, it was 99.1±7.77, C.V 18.2. Smokers also had  significantly  higher  pulse  rate  78.6±7.24  compared  to  68.8±5.76 beats/minute  in  non  smokers. Smoking  had  significant  correlation with SBP,  DBP,  MAP  and  BMI,-.311,-.312,-.313  and.  255  respectively. Similarly, prevalence of hypertension in smokers was higher (23.5%) than in non smokers (16.4%). 


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