REGIONAL FOLKLORES OF PAKISTAN IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF SUFI POETRY AND ITS ROLE FOR PEACE AND INTEGRITY

Dr. Farhat Naz Rahman, Dr. Kiran Sami

Abstract


Regional folklores of Pakistan like other folklores around the globe encompass poetry, songs, sonnets, tales, legends, myths, traditions, customs and proverbs. Being limitless and denying  boundaries they link regions to regions, provinces to provinces and countries to countries. They develop integrity and help making the people of Pakistan as one nation. Sufi practices all over the country shape a strong and significant indigenous force to unite. Along with other factors religion is an influential factor construing the identity of Pakistanis as a nation. Fortunately, Sufism has a firm religious basis. Additionally, its indignity has global links spreading from the sacred centers of Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia through Central Asia to the provinces of Pakistan and further spreading deep into the heart and outskirts of the subcontinent. From Baghdad in Iraq and Konia in Turkey to Lahore in Pakistan and Delhi in India and to the remote parts of South Asia with the purest religious spirit the great Muslim saints put interlinked efforts to preach religion, humanity and conscience. It is peculiar that their expositions whether in prose, poetry or speech made extensive use of folklores. As mentioned earlier poetry, songs, sonnets, tales, legends, myths, traditions, customs and proverbs all were the tools of their expositions. All great saints took poetry as a basic source of their expositions. From Rumi in Konia to Amir Khusru in Delhi poetry sparkles to expose sincerity of their devotion to Islam, Allah (God) and the last Prophet (SAW). Most of such poetry is uplifting and hope-giving rather than dejection and gloom. Sufism has been a part of the fabric of life in the region comprising Pakistan for centuries. It is a symbol of peace in a country like Pakistan caught in deadly crossfire of controversial ideological and political controversies. This study explores the use of folklores in the poetry of some of the Sufi poets and also of that part of the poetry of such poets that is now itself the folklore. Four Sufi poets one from each province of Pakistan and their mystic poetry is considered and analyzed for the purpose. The poets selected are Sachal Sarmast, Baba Buleh Shah, Rahman Baba and Mast Tawakali. The focus of the study is the literary legacy of these poets and mention of ritual practices and the folklore in their poetry. It is well known that the basic perception of their poetry is love. They themselves were manyfaceted people indeed — humanists and preachers of peace, harmony and tranquility. The rhymes of these great Sufi poets are immersed in love, empathy and forbearance and are the reverse manifestation of the world view of the people of Pakistan. It will be useful to view this broad pool of resources to be active for exposing Islamic thoughts through Sufi methods to invoke a positive wave to create integrity in the ocean of current conflicting cultural and political scenario of Pakistan.

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Copyright (c) 2016 Mystic Thoughts - Research Journal of Sufism and Peace



ISSN: 2227-7927 

Copyright © University of Sindh, Jamshoro. 2017 All Rights Reserved.
Printing and Publication by: Sindh University Press.

Published By: University of Sufism & Modern Science, Bhit Shah Campus
University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan