PAUSING PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING PREPOSITIONS IN PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES OF OBAMA’S INAUGURAL SPEECH

Erdoğan BADA, Bilal GENÇ, Yonca ÖZKAN

Abstract


In read speech, it was observed that pauses preceding heads of phrases were produced considerably longer by native speakers of English than pauses following heads. Recorded data supporting this phenomenon does well exist in literature. As an extension to studies conducted in this field, this particular research aims at investigating to what extent  the  length  differs when  heads of  prepositional   phrases differ in function.  As an investigation point, English prepositions uttered in President Obama’s inaugural speech were selected and categorized in terms of their functions in phrases. Categorization was made from a grammar/lexical and a phonological perspectives. Pauses preceding and following prepositions were measured in milliseconds. Measurement was conducted utilizing Goldwave, the sound analyzing software. Findings of this research suggest that overall  pauses  in  preceding  position  were measured  to  be considerably longer than in following position, and grammar/lexical  categorization did not have a significant effect on pause length, while  calculations made in terms of phonological analysis yielded rather intriguing results in that in places where there was linking between the last sound of the preceding word and the beginning sound of the preposition and no linking in the following position, pauses measured with no statistically significant differences, whereas in all other linking situations, differences were in line with the total pause length in both positions. The study may have significant implications for the field of L2 learning and teaching in that appropriate identification of  syntactic/lexical chunks in a language enables the reader/speaker to sound more meaningful and emphatic, and the listener to be logged on to the message intended.

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 International Research Journal of Arts & Humanities (IRJAH)

ISSN: 1016-9342 

Copyright © University of Sindh, Jamshoro. 2017 All Rights Reserved.
Printing and Publication by: Sindh University Press.

International Research Journal of Arts & Humanities (IRJAH) is published annually by the
Office of the Dean, Faculty of Arts, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.