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Author Guidelines

a. Manuscript Submission: ARIEL is a peer reviewed annual research journal of University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. It invites original/revised work on any topic related to English language and literature on both practical and theoretical aspects. Submissions can be sent in ARIEL from November till May each year. While submitting your manuscript, please write your name, email address and a short biographical note. Please mention these details for the co-authors also. These biographical notes will be published in the journal if the article is accepted for publication.

Submission email address: [email protected]

Formatting style

Authors are requested to strictly follow the Publication Manual of American Psychological Association (6th edition). The adherence to the recommended style is supposed to assist the editor to process blind review without delay. Further, the authors are required to double check their papers for the accuracy of style and consistency of language as per instructions given for each type of submission in the next section (Types of papers).

  1. Papers should be formatted into A4-size pages, with main text of 10 point Times New Roman, single-spaced one-column format. Figures and tables should be placed exactly where they are mentioned.
  2. All papers should be formatted according to the APA (6th edition) style.
  3. Authors should use 14 font, Time New Romans for the title of the papers. All papers should be submitted with an additional title page wherein title of the paper should follow the author (s) names, their designation (s) together with affiliations.
  4. Authors should use the three prescribed levels of headings. All the headings should not be numbered.
  • Level 1: Left Aligned, Bold And Initial Caps (All words)
  • Level 2: Left Aligned, Bold, Italicized And Initial Caps (All words)
  • Level 3: Left aligned, italicized and initial caps (first word only)


Types of Papers and Specific Style Guide

ARIEL considers the following types of papers.

a. Research Articles (5000-8000 Words)

ARIEL welcomes full length research articles on multiple aspects of language, literature and linguistics. The articles must show an original contribution to the theoretical aspects of language, literature and linguistics incorporating the latest scholarship and issues.

Guidelines for research articles: ARIEL accepts full length research papers ranging from 5000 to 8000 words. All research papers must have the following sections:

  1. Abstract: Abstract should not be more than 200 words. Abstract of the paper should be followed by three to five keywords. Please do not repeat the title in keywords. Your keywords should be appropriate to your study which must clarify the overall theme of your paper and should facilitate the readers to capture the theme of the paper.
  2. Introduction: Introductory section should clarify the objective (s) of the study. It should introduce the hypothesis, research questions and a brief account of methodological approaches applied in the study.
  3. Literature Review: This section should provide adequate and relevant literature to the topic. Authors should use past tense for this section.
  4. Research Methodology: Authors should effectively clarify the overall methodology of the study including philosophical paradigm, research design, instruments participants etc.
  5. Results: This section should cover two thirds of the whole paper. Further, the analysis should be written in simple and effective way. Tables, charts and figures need to be included, where necessary.
  6. Discussion: This section should include evaluation and interpretation of results. It should also link the findings of the present study with other studies.
  7.   Conclusion: The concluding section should briefly review the overall sections from introduction to the results or findings.
  8. References: All references should be arranged alphabetically. The first line of every reference should be aligned with left but hanging rest.

b. Review Papers and Book Reviews (4000 to 5000)

ARIEL also considers systematic and narrative review papers. Before submission, authors should make sure that their papers contribute to the existing knowledge and are useful for future research. Besides, coming issue of ARIEL will consider the reviews of those books that are published after 2014.

Guidelines for review papers and book reviews: ARIEL welcomes reviews of recent publications/books (after 2014 at least) and theories focusing on variety of aspects related to English Language and Literature. Review report should present a clear, succinct description, critical or evaluative overview of the selected theory or book. It should also include the means of evaluating the relevance of the material to the targeted field of theory and practice. Reviewers are strongly advised to put references to published theory and relevant research. The word length can be between 1200 to 2000 words.

c. Classroom Explorations (1000 to 1500):

ARIEL also invites teachers and students to share their own teaching and learning experiences in ESL/EFL classroom. Contributors have to base their reports on the conceptual, theoretical or research perspective. This kind of manuscript is meant to generate varied perspectives from real life experiences of ESL/EFL classrooms.

Review Process

Each article submitted to ARIEL undergoes two-step review process:

Internal: Each submission is reviewed by the editor to check if it is an original work, falls in the aims and scope of the journal, follows guidelines provided and whether or not it merits to be forwarded to the external reviewers. This process takes 1 to 2 weeks. Contributors are strongly advised to stay connected through the email correspondence to know the decision.

External: Submissions, which successfully go through the internal review, are then sent out for blind peer review from two reviewers. Reviewers are selected from the list of given editorial board members or anyone who is relevant to the contents of the articles. The list of reviewers keeps growing larger. The reviewers come up with these decisions:

a) Accepted as it is (rarely), b) Accepted subject to revisions (quite often), c) Rejected (rarely).

Once the review reports are received, they are forwarded to the contributors for further action.

Final Manuscript: The external review process may take between 3 to 4 months. The review report would be sent to the author concerned as soon as it will be received by the reviewers. Contributors are given one-month time from the day of review report to incorporate necessary changes. Late resubmissions are NOT entertained. Besides, the editors reserve the right to make editorial changes needed; if any, for the sake of clarity of style confirmation at any stage. The authors will be notified and consulted only when the changes are substantial. Should there be need for any changes/amendments; the revised script should be sent back in a month. Should you need more time, kindly inform the editor.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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